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CentOS下,yum安装php

一,准备篇
1,配置网络&关闭SELINUX&配置防火墙

配置网络&关闭SELINUX&配置防火墙

二,安装篇
1,添加php Webtatic yum源
CentOS 6

rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-6.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el6/latest.rpm
CentOS 7

rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
2,yum安装
php5.6

yum -y install php56w-fpm
php7.0

yum -y install php70w-fpm
php7.1

yum -y install php71w-fpm
3,启动php-fpm
CentOS 6

service php-fpm start
chkconfig php-fpm on 
CentOS 7

systemctl start php-fpm.service
systemctl enable php-fpm.service
4,状态管理命令
CentOS 6

/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm

service php-fpm start
service php-fpm stop
service php-fpm restart
service php-fpm reload
service php-fpm force-reload
service php-fpm condrestart
service php-fpm try-restart
service php-fpm status
service php-fpm configtest
chkconfig php-fpm on                       #启用开机自启
chkconfig php-fpm off                      #禁用开机自启
CentOS 7

/usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service

systemctl start php-fpm.service              #启动
systemctl stop php-fpm.service               #停止
systemctl restart php-fpm.service            #重启
systemctl reload php-fpm.service             #重载
systemctl status php-fpm.service             #检查服务
systemctl enable php-fpm.service             #启用开机自启
systemctl disable php-fpm.service            #禁用开机自启
5,相关软件目录及文件位置

/usr/sbin/php-fpm
/etc/php-fpm.conf
/etc/php.ini
/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.pid
三,配置nginx支持php
1,安装nginx

Centos下,yum安装nginx

2,处理php-fpm配置

vi /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

user = www
group = www
3,处理nginx配置

vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

user www;                         #修改nginx运行用户为www
4,处理nginx默认虚拟主机配置

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf  #取消FastCGI server部分location的注释,注意fastcgi_param行的参数,改为$document_root$fastcgi_script_name

location ~ \.php$ {
  root /usr/share/nginx/html;
  fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
  fastcgi_index index.php;
  fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
  include fastcgi_params;
}
5,重启nginx和php-fpm
CentOS 6

service nginx restart && service php-fpm restart
CentOS 7

systemctl restart nginx.service && systemctl restart php-fpm.service
6,测试脚本

vi /usr/share/nginx/html/phpinfo.php

<?php
phpinfo();
?>
7,在浏览器打开测试地址,看到phpinfo页面,即安装成功。

http://192.168.0.150/phpinfo.php
四,扩展篇
1,使用yum安装扩展
php7.1

yum -y install php71w-common        #php-api, php-bz2, php-calendar, php-ctype, php-curl, php-date, php-exif, php-fileinfo, php-filter, php-ftp, php-gettext, php-gmp, php-hash, php-iconv, php-json, php-libxml, php-openssl, php-pcre, php-pecl-Fileinfo, php-pecl-phar, php-pecl-zip, php-reflection, php-session, php-shmop, php-simplexml, php-sockets, php-spl, php-tokenizer, php-zend-abi, php-zip, php-zlib
yum -y install php71w-cli           #php-cgi, php-pcntl, php-readline
yum -y install php71w-opcache       #php71w-pecl-zendopcache
yum -y install php71w-bcmath    
yum -y install php71w-dba   
yum -y install php71w-devel 
yum -y install php71w-embedded      #php-embedded-devel
yum -y install php71w-enchant       
yum -y install php71w-gd    
yum -y install php71w-imap  
yum -y install php71w-interbase #php_database, php-firebird
yum -y install php71w-intl  
yum -y install php71w-ldap  
yum -y install php71w-mbstring  
yum -y install php71w-mcrypt    
yum -y install php71w-mysql     #php-mysqli, php_database
yum -y install php71w-mysqlnd       #php-mysqli, php_database
yum -y install php71w-odbc          #php-pdo_odbc, php_database
yum -y install php71w-pdo           #php71w-pdo_sqlite, php71w-sqlite3
yum -y install php71w-pdo_dblib #php71w-mssql
yum -y install php71w-pear  
yum -y install php71w-pecl-apcu 
yum -y install php71w-pecl-imagick  
yum -y install php71w-pecl-memcached    
yum -y install php71w-pecl-mongodb  
yum -y install php71w-pecl-redis    
yum -y install php71w-pecl-xdebug   
yum -y install php71w-pgsql      #php-pdo_pgsql, php_database
yum -y install php71w-phpdbg    
yum -y install php71w-process        #php-posix, php-sysvmsg, php-sysvsem, php-sysvshm
yum -y install php71w-pspell    
yum -y install php71w-recode    
yum -y install php71w-snmp  
yum -y install php71w-soap  
yum -y install php71w-tidy  
yum -y install php71w-xml            #php-dom, php-domxml, php-wddx, php-xsl
yum -y install php71w-xmlrpc
五,优化篇

暂无

参考文章

Webtatic Yum储存库使用指南

参考:

[CentOS下,yum安装php – 简书](https://www.jianshu.com/p/460891081d55 )

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